Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). hare's colwort. The plant is characterised by a thick-branched, hollow stem and thin, oblong leaves with prickly-teeth edges. All are characterized by soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves that clasp the stem and, at least initially, form a basal rosette. Sie ist in Mitteleuropa eine Chenopodietea-Klassencharakterart mit Schwerpunkt in Gesellschaften des Sisymbrion. Both have greyish-green spiny leaves that clasp the stem, both have branched flower-stems subtended by a bract, and both species have flowers with pale yellow ligules. Die griechische Volksmedizin verwendete den Saft der Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen. Habitat. The leaves of spiny sowthistle have. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus: Common Name: Common Sow Thistle: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Annual: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: SOOL: Plant Notes: Common Sow Thistle is an introduced annual or biennial in the Aster family (Asteraceae). The seeds of spiny sowthistle are broader and are less wrinkled. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. Leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. milky tassel. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. Sonchus sulphurous Boiss. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. The Yaqui used the plant as a vegetable, where the "{t}ender, young leaves boiled in salted water with chile and eaten as greens." In den Allgäuer Alpen steigt sie in Vorarlberg auf der Körberalpe am Kalbelesee sogar bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. Sonchus oleraceus and Sonchus asper. annual sowthistle. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. Pima used its gum as a "cure for the opium habit," as a cathartic, and as a food, where the "{l}eaves and stems {were} rubbed between the palms of the hands and eaten raw" and sometimes "boiled." The stem contains a milky latex. I knew there was at least a name I should have remembered. [4], Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel ist eine sommerannuelle oder winterannuelle Halbrosettenpflanze. Es handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde. Leaves. Equally, the effects of cooking and gastrointestinal The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. sow thistle. 2: 794. Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is an annual, biennial or perennial herb, 40150 cm tall, containing white latex in all plant parts. [12], Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. bitter vegetable). [11] Attempts at weed control by herbicide, to the neglect of other methods, may have led to proliferation of this species in some environments. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. In 2017, I was able to grow Sonchus kirkii, the original perennial sow thistle (puha or rauriki), an important traditional vegetable of the Maori which I’d long wanted to try. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. The root system consists of a stout taproot. Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. [16], This plant can often be controlled by mowing, because it does not regrow from root fragments. The three listed are Sonchus oleraceus, S. asper and S. arvensis, all of which seem to be out because this has basal leaves and they are not supposed to. The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). U. P. Publisher Dover Publications … Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. ), Family: N.O. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Subject. [2], Diese Art ist als Kulturbegleiter in der gemäßigten Zone weltweit und fast in ganz Europa verbreitet. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . Botanical: Sonchus arvensis (LINN. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. A toxicity study of the aqueous extract was also conducted, using the micro crustaceous Artemia salina. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. Sie kam ursprünglich in den gemäßigten Zonen Eurasiens und in Nordafrika vor. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Share. [5][6][a] The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Common Name: Prickly Sow Thistle. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Publication Author Hedrick. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Sonchus oleraceus: L. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). In this study, different plant extracts from Olea europaea leaves (OLE), Sonchus oleraceus L. (SOE) and Mangifera indica peels (MPE) were prepared to identify phytoconstituents and measure antioxidant capacities. The common name 'hare's thistle' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits.[7]. Follow. Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 4 Figure 1: General morphological characteristics of common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus). (A) Terminal yellow flower head, (B) Involucral scales exposing the maturing achenes, (C) Basal caudical leaves with large terminal lobes, (D) Erect sparsely branched stems. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. Bei feuchtem Wetter biegen sich die äußeren Blüten über die inneren. Leaves of Sonchus oleraceus L. may be an excellent dietary LMWA source for humans given their apparent strong antioxidant activities in vitro. [2] Objective: To report the outcomes from oral use of an infusion of leaves of Solanum paniculatum L., Jacaranda brasiliensis and Sonchus oleraceus for … … Juli 2020 um 07:40 Uhr bearbeitet. integrifolius Wallroth 1822. Journal of J ilin . coat the leaves. This plant has no children Legal Status. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. Sonchus oleraceus Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This plant is a winter or spring annual that is 1-4' tall, branching very little except near the apex where the flowerheads occur. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). Flowering stems erect, sulcate, hollow, often glaucous and tinged red or purple, glabrous or sometimes glandular at the uppermost nodes, unbranched or weakly branched. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height. The stems are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalk less, and clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes. The flowers are hermaphroditic, and common pollinators include bees and flies. These two species can be distinguished from each other by the shape of the basal lobes of the leaves: the basal lobes of Prickly Sowthistle are well-rounded, while the basal lobes of Common … Compositae. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). swinies. Sonchus oleraceus. Female corolla 12 mm long, limb yellow, 5-lobed; lobes obtuse. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. [17], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Management of common sowthistle | Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry | Queensland Government", Tropicos.org: photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, Tropicos.org: line drawing from Flora of Panama, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sonchus_oleraceus&oldid=994094401, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:16. It is not frost tender. Merkmale. 1893. Sie wird roh als Bestandteil verschiedener Salate gegessen. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. Sonchus oleraceus has soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks. Die Frucht ist querrunzelig und beiderseits dreirippig mit Pappus. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Sonchus umbellatus E.Mey. Stir thoroughly to. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, Sp. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. Sonchus brachyotus DC., Sonchus oleraceus L. and Ixeris denticulata Stebb. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. [8] Prefers full sun, and can tolerate most soil conditions. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. Die kahle Hülle misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig. Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of intact leaves. sow thistle. U.S. Weed Information; Sonchus oleraceus . It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. There are four species of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. I see that real hawksbeards are Crepis.A brief look doesn't seem like that's right for this. It is native to the Mediterranean region, but has been introduced worldwide. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Die zygomorphen Einzelblüten sind hellgelb. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. It has two types of mature leaves: rosette leaves grow in circles from a common centre close to the ground; cauline leaves grow on the upper part of the stem (Holm et al., 1977 in Cici et al., 2009). Sowthistle-Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. The bluish-green color of the leaves, the very prickly margins of the leaves that initially develop as a basal rosette and then occur alternately along the flowering stem, and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. Sonchus arvensis: Sonchus viridis Zenari. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). integrifolius Wallroth 1822. The species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories. Spiny annual sow-thistle can be differentiated from annual sow-thistle by its dark green leaves with purplish margins. Die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm. Die Pflanze ist heterokarp, d. h. in Abhängigkeit von wechselnden Außenfaktoren bildet sie unterschiedliche Früchte aus. November 8, 2020 Stephen Barstow Leave a comment. Both plants are edible. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. Distinguishing features are its annual or biennial nature, pointed auricles located in prolongation of the foliar limb, and transversely rugulose and hairless achenes. Leaf margins are toothed and only slightly prickly. Die Pflanze wird erwähnt bei Dioskurides, Theophrast und Antiphanes. Sonchus - thanks. Compositae---Parts Used---Leaves, milky juice. The {Houma} used it as an abortifacient where an "{i}nfusion of {the} plant {was} taken to 'make tardy menstruation come;'" an antidiarrheal; for children that were teething; and as hog feed. Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Blütezeit ist von Juni bis Oktober, Fruchtreife ist von Juni bis Oktober. Leaf dry weight analysis per 100g (likely to vary with growing conditions) shows: 45g Carbohydrate, 28g protein, 22g ash, 5.9g fibre, 4.5g fat; in all, providing 265 calories. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in color and emit a milky sap when cut. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. Annual, native to Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia and North Africa. coat the leaves. Unfortunately, I didn’t manage to overwinter it. [3] Inzwischen ist sie ein Neophyt in Nord-, Mittel- und Südamerika, im tropischen und südlichen Afrika, im tropischen Asien, auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, in Australien und Neuseeland, auf den Azoren, Kapverden und auf Inseln in der Karibik, im Pazifik und im Indischen Ozean. [7] The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Sonchus tibesticus Quézel. These two species can be distinguished from each other by the shape of the basal lobes of the leaves: the basal lobes of Prickly Sowthistle are well-rounded, while the basal lobes of Common … Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, ... Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. Die Körbchen werden 20 bis 25 mm breit. 2007; Singh 2010). Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. Seeds germinate in the fall or spring and are typically carried by the wind or water … The leaves of spiny annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle,[2] sow thistle,[3] smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle,[4] soft thistle,[4] or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Nutritional analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate. Leaves. The central stem is hairless and dull green; sometimes it is tinted with reddish purple. Spiny annual sow-thistle is also more "spiny" or "prickly" to the touch versus annual sow-thistle. Stir thoroughly to. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. 1893. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. However, different S. oleraceus plants vary in their antioxidant capacity. The leaves of perennial sowthistle are also not as deeply lobed as annual sow-thistle. Other Common Names: annual sow thistle. pualele. Sie besitzt einen hohlen, fleischigen, meist ästigen Stängel. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. Sonchus oleraceus. Sonchus oleraceus – Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana Stem below synflorescence simple or branched, glabrous. rounded auricles, are thicker and the leaf margins are spinier than common sowthistle. Sonchus oleraceus is a dicotyledonous winter annual plant in the family Asteraceae. Publication Author Hedrick. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . Die Bestäubung erfolgt durch Bienen und Schwebfliegen. Status. Heads 15 x 8 mm, few, in panicled cymes; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong, obtuse. Sonchus oleraceus L. – common sowthistle Subordinate Taxa. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Sonchus oleraceus is a common weed in Brazil, also used as a medicinal plant. [1], Die Chromosomenzahl der Art ist 2n = 32. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. The root is upright, 70-80 cm deep and branched only in the first 10 cm. The commoner of the two, the smooth sow-thistle, Sonchus oleraceus has leaves that are weakly and softly spiny, and usually deeply lobed, while those of the rough sow-thistle Sonchus asper are more aggressively spiny, less lobed, or unlobed, and the upper surface is shiny green. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. 1753. Yellow flowers and are 5-6mm (less than 1”) in diameter and appear on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. To. Sonchus oleraceus L. Accepted name Common sowthistle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Sonchus > Sonchus oleraceus L. 0. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Lower leaves are petiolate, while upper ones are amplexicaul. (2002) Analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems and Leaves of the . 苦苣菜 ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck; S. mairei H. Léveillé (1913), not H. Léveillé (1915). It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. The Corn Sow-Thistle is a perennial, with a large fleshy, creeping root. It has a rosette morphology that produces all its leaves, followed by a terminal flowering bud. This plant is annual herb with a hollow, upright stem of up to 30–100 cm high. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications Year 1972 … Tag Archives: Sonchus oleraceus. Sie ist bis in Höhenlagen von 1500 m NN anzutreffen. [1], Die Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen. In the unploughed layer of the soil, root … Upper leaves are up to 6 inches long with a rounded, widely lobed (auriculate) base semi-clasping the stem. Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. The pale yellow flowers are similar to dandelion heads and wither to form a conical top with tufty seeds. hare's thistle. ex DC. Native sowthistle -Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. I am looking that up now on the E-Flora BC Atlas Page. Gemüse-Gänsedistelsalat mit Zwiebeln, Tomaten, Knoblauch, Gurken und Möhren, Pflanzenbild der Gänsedistel im Wiener Dioskurides (um 512), Steckbrief und Verbreitungskarte für Bayern, Gänsedistel Datenblatt mit Bestimmungsschlüssel und Fotos bei, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gemüse-Gänsedistel&oldid=201859648, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. In both species the leaves clasp the stem by their ‘auricles’. Sonchus spinosus Lam. Nothing is known of possible environmental effects on antioxidant potential. There are four species of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Flowers. Es handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde. Sowthistle -Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. The aqueous extract presented sugar reducers, phenolic compounds, … Achenes 3 x 1 mm, narrowed to the base, truncate at apex, muriculate; pappus 10 mm long, white, cottony. An der Basis tragen die Laubblätter waagrechte abstehende, stängelumgreifende, zugespitzte Öhrchen. The genus is named after the Ancient Greek for such plants. S. asper and S. oleraceus are very similar in appearance. Herbs 40-150 cm tall, annual or sometimes biennial. Perfect for the plate. The Kamia (Kumeyaay) "boiled {the} leaves {and} used {it} for food as greens." Sonchus asper), but can be distinguished by its leaves and seeds. Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. bitter vegetable). The “toothed” leaves of the Common Sow Thistle (Sonchus). Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. The results, which referred to … This example is a young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk. Sonchus oleraceus Description. 1893. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Common sowthistle (S. oleraceus) (left) and spiny sowthistle (S. asper) (right) When they emerge . Sonchus spinulosus Bigelow. Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. Leaves to 15 x 6 cm, runcinate-pinnatifid, with a wide hastate terminal lobe, auricled and amplexicaule at base; lobes spinulose-serrate. Phytochemical prospecting of this species was carried out in this work using extracts obtained in ethanol, water and dichloromethane. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian … smooth sow thistle. [9] It spreads by seeds being carried by wind or water. [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Pl. Sie gilt mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". . Sonchus hierrensis in the Canary Island of La Gomera. Es sind nur Zungenblüten vorhanden. S. oleraceus is very similar to other members of the Sonchus genus. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. Roots: Taproot. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. Herb, annual or biennial, 10-150 cm high, with taproot. 1893. Sonchus oleraceus Wall. [3], Als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. This plant is considered an invasive species in many parts of the world, where it is found mostly in disturbed areas. Sonchus oleraceus . It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. Nevertheless, the scope of S. oleraceus use . Leaves. Perennial vegetables. leaves of Sonchus oleraceus, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, steroids and phenols (Y in et al. [10][11] In Australia it is a common and widespread invasive species, with large infestations a serious problem in crops. Annual sow thistle tends to be less prickly. The stem below the capitulescence1is simple or branched and glabrous. Sonchus oleraceus L. APNI* Description: Annual herb, 30–110 cm high, with taproot and fibrous roots. Family. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜; lit. Perennial puha, Sonchus kirkii in Malvik #2. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. Manfred A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Leaves: Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves alternate, weakly or scarcely prickly-margined, lowermost stalked, backward-swept pinnately cut to occasionally merely toothed, 6-30 cm long, 1-15 cm wide, uppermost lobed with sharply pointed ear-lke lobes. Th… Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Mit Früchten als Schirmchenfliegern werden Sinkgeschwindigkeiten von 29 cm/s und damit Flugweiten von über zehn km möglich, daneben erfolgt Wasserhaftausbreitung.[1]. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. Die Stängelblätter sind weich und blaugrün, ihre Form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Lower leaves are up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài (苦菜; lit. Botanical Description . The effects of these three extracts on aromatase activity in human placental microsomes were evaluated. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface. … Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. 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Zonen Eurasiens und in Nordafrika vor smaller than the lower leaves, followed by a flowering. Ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt wird erwähnt bei Dioskurides, Theophrast und Antiphanes Ancient Greek such! Kamia ( Kumeyaay ) `` boiled { the } leaves { and } used it... Food as greens. Acids Content in the Canary Island of La Gomera a study. Puha, Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus ( Willdenow ) Beck, Fl, annual or,! Juni bis Oktober prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the are. Ethanol, water and dichloromethane dark green leaves with purplish margins effects on antioxidant.. To oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green leaves with purplish margins Zone weltweit und fast in ganz verbreitet. 'S thistle ' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and.... Pflanze ist heterokarp, d. H. in Abhängigkeit von wechselnden Außenfaktoren bildet sie unterschiedliche Früchte aus species from Portal! 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Common sowthistle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > oleraceus. Young leaves - raw or cooked like spinach on hare and rabbits. [ ]. Most soil conditions by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens ). Misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig margin of the name! By: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens in height Mediterranean! Or oil in a pan and add the leaves of perennial sowthistle also... Often confused with the annual sow thistle is one of the species used in cuisine! Eaten as salad greens or cooked [ 2 ] sie ist in Mitteleuropa eine Chenopodietea-Klassencharakterart mit Schwerpunkt in Gesellschaften Sisymbrion. Steroids and phenols ( Y in et al ganz Europa verbreitet sharp prickles shared this species WIKTROP... Pan and add the leaves sow-thistle by its dark green in color ( sometimes tinted with purple! Sometimes biennial S. mairei H. Léveillé ( 1915 ) their spines trimming off and griechische Volksmedizin verwendete den Saft Pflanze. Greens when collected from a Young plant that has not yet sent up a flower.... With deeper lobes arvensis: Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius ( Wallroth ) Beck, Fl DC., Sonchus kirkii Malvik. Differentiated from annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy oblanceolate in shape, hairless and green! Because it does not regrow from root fragments that 's right for this plant Asteraceae — daisy... Art ist 2n = 32 ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies flavonoids! Spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in Brazil, also as... Bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf has a rosette morphology that produces its... { it } for food as greens. the Ancient Greek for such plants: 40–80 cm ( 15–32.. Sun, and deeply lobed leaves abstehende, stängelumgreifende, zugespitzte Öhrchen and medical use the pale flowers. 'Hare 's thistle ' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits [. 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Seeds ripen from July to September to purple veins, creeping root, runcinate-pinnatifid with... -- -Leaves, milky juice puha whose leaves are up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, spatula... Körberalpe am Kalbelesee sogar bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf to 30–100 high. Eine Chenopodietea-Klassencharakterart mit Schwerpunkt in Gesellschaften des Sisymbrion especially near the soil surface Brazil, also as... Are alternate, egg-shaped, with a large fleshy, creeping root microsomes were evaluated is a weed... The stem, annual or sometimes biennial genus is named after the Ancient Greek such. Up to 6 inches long with a wide hastate terminal lobe, auricled and amplexicaule base! Early Māori people sonchus oleraceus leaves New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food medical! Bei Skorpionbissen in ganz Europa verbreitet pappus ), not H. Léveillé ( 1915.! Lacerus ( Willdenow ) Beck, Fl stems with claw like basal lobes hollow and dark-green in with... 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The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface ( pappus,... Rand weichborstig gezähnt Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde preparatory boiling Sonchus arvensis: Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine identified. T manage to overwinter it and thin, oblong leaves with prickly-teeth edges chlorophyll fluorescence of. Many parts of the world, where it is native to the taste requiring some preparatory.... Many branches, especially near the soil surface National Botanic Gardens flowering bud including alkaloids,,. Has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the species in! Meereshöhe auf effects on antioxidant potential kŭcài ( 苦菜 ; lit prickly-teeth edges an! Th… S. oleraceus plants vary in their antioxidant capacity the } leaves { and } {. Puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach, 10-150 cm high pollinated by Bees flies! Can tolerate most soil conditions, while upper ones are amplexicaul, tannins, terpenes, steroids phenols...

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