Long-term, the impact on the x86 CPU market could be profound — or it could prove the truth of what AMD and Intel have been saying for years. The more companies are interested in building a native ARM experience on Windows, the more effective Windows will be at competing against x86 when running on ARM chips. Intel itself ran into this problem in efforts to replace x86 with the enhanced RISC design of its i960 and i860 or the similarly all-new architecture of its Itanium IA64. Apple's move from Intel x86 to ARM chips will probably allow Intel-based Macs about five years of support before they are abandoned. 21 de dezembro de 2020. It's an architecture, not a spaceship (also Linux arguably would run on spaceships). Arm processors: Everything you need to know. RISC V, for example, will possibly play a major role. Instead of colliding, the desktop and mobile markets have continued along in their own tracks, with desktops remaining tied to the x86 market and the Intel/AMD duopoly, while ARM took over the mobile market. I’m not going to replace my actual server with only one Arm mini-pc : I’m more on replacing each OpenVZ container I use by an Arm device. Now things are changing, with Apple launching its Mac Mini with ARM processors and with quite capable results, so the eternal discussion resurfaces again and with the same examples as always; For example, while an “average” x86 desktop processor consumes between 65 … If AMD hadn’t launched Ryzen in 2017, we might frame the coming match-up as an evaluation of the question: “Does Intel build the best CPUs?” Given that AMD’s Ryzen is arguably the better CPU than Intel’s current Core family, however, I’d widen the scope of the query: “What matters more — processor architecture, or process node and engineering?”. The question of whether CPU architecture X is better than x86 has been a popular one for decades, where X is understood to mean SPARC/MIPS/Itanium/PA RISC/POWER/ARM and every other architecture under the sun. 0. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itigic_com-box-3','ezslot_14',114,'0','0']));O Arquitetura ARM não é nada novo, mas está na boca de todos os entusiastas de hardware, graças ao fato de que a Apple decidiu dar um toque de seu equipamento e decidiu abandonar a arquitetura x86 para usar ARM. Earlier today, the single-core and multi-core scores in the latest Cinebench R23 have leaked out and boy is it a different story than the one Apple used in its announcement. ARM chips are no magic, they are just optimized for something else, looking at smartphone SoCs and extrapolating that to desktops is exceedingly dumb. 10nm Ice Lake CPUs have been shipping for nearly a year, but evidently whatever roadmap Apple saw wasn’t good enough to persuade the company not to launch its own product efforts. Contudo, [...], Ninguém disse que a convivência entre Google e Huawei ia ser simples, algo que com o passar do tempo e os problemas aparecem faz com que seja [...], Muitos usuários estão começando a se apossar de celulares com tecnologia 5G, que começaram a dar passos gigantes para estar presentes em mais [...], Propomos um desafio, mas primeiro precisamos saber se você é um usuário regular do TikTok. Montando o radiador de um AIO na frente, é uma má ideia? In short, it is possible that ARM will end up replacing x86 but for now only theoretically, since it is neither necessary nor seems that the developers want it (precisely because it is not necessary). A first-class Apple laptop or desktop that demonstrates improved power efficiency and equal or superior performance would be a direct threat of a sort Intel and AMD haven’t faced in decades. Eles, antes de introduzirem seus processadores baseados em ARM, já gastaram muito tempo e esforço adaptando seu sistema operacional e, de fato, criaram um kit de desenvolvimento para que os desenvolvedores de software pudessem fazer o mesmo. According to Intel and AMD, the power penalty for performing this kind of decode in hardware is tiny. Early 2021 is the scheduled date for an x86 … Hardware, Dicas e Truques Those processors are going inside millions of PCs that are used every day. Subscribe Today to get the latest ExtremeTech news delivered right to your inbox. Then again, you could make such a translator from ARM to arbitrary internal ins That doesn’t mean consumers would drop them — I’d expect a slow shift at most, given Apple’s pricing and typical market strategies — but it would still be a shock to the PC industry. Stuff changes. x86 might still retake the performance lead long-term, but its decades-long unchallenged reign would finally be at an end. ARM ***MIGHT*** pick up a good chunk of the portables-only market but are nowhere near ready to usurp the gaming genre of systems yet, or data & web servers. Right now, there is no way an ARM-based CPU can replace x86 CPUs in gaming, but there is some solid potential for becoming as close as x86 CPUs. This site may earn affiliate commissions from the links on this page. Since 2017, AMD has increasingly filled that role, with chips that offer far more CPU cores and much higher overall performance outside of narrow areas like gaming. Intel is already working on a similar approach on x86 with Lakefield which mimics the bigLITTLE design used in ARM processors. Por exemplo, imagine um servidor de banco de dados que possui um processador convencional baseado em x86 e outro hardware e que executa uma tarefa de gerenciamento de banco de dados e nada mais. Apples-to-apples comparisons between x86 and ARM are difficult to engineer, due to profound differences in device types and market segments. Probably, at least in part, why x86 caught up and surpassed ARM. In the grand scheme of things, both will be just brief spots on the technological timeline. © 1996-2020 Ziff Davis, LLC. If Apple proves capable of building a CPU that can match the best that AMD and Intel can build, it’ll demonstrate that ARM chips are capable of exceeding the limits of x86. Como assistir e comentar filmes com amigos no vídeo principal, Como alterar o ícone de um aplicativo no iPhone e iPad, Uma falha no Facebook expõe dados pessoais de usuários do Instagram, O moderno Windows 10X File Explorer desaponta, Novo bug no Windows pode quebrar SSDs ao usar CHKDSK, Quando nos conectamos à Internet através de nossa rede local, uma das formas mais utilizadas é o wi-fi. Qualcomm has the Snapdragon 8cx, which is its first purpose-built chip for Windows computers, and Windows on ARM is already a thing you can buy. For decades, the engineers trying to make that argument had to make it in theory, against a reality in which x86 was the only game in town. ARM processors are unable to natively run x86 or x64 applications. Como corrigir atualizações em telefones Huawei com o Google, Como corrigir problemas usando a rede 5G no Android, Como ver o resumo dos vídeos de que você mais gostou no TikTok em 2020, Carregamento e armazenamento incorporados em outras instruções, Carregamento e armazenamento são instruções separadas, Instruções longas, código com poucas linhas, Instruções curtas, código com muitas linhas, Implementar instruções diretamente no hardware, A versatilidade do conjunto de instruções é enfatizada, Novas instruções são adicionadas apenas se forem usadas com frequência e não reduzem o desempenho das mais importantes, Reduz a dificuldade de implementação de compiladores, Elimine o microcódigo e a decodificação de instruções complexas. Maybe, but only for a short while. The emergence and media domination of ARM technology could be a nail in the coffin for x86, but each has its own place and may continue to be useful in the future. Agora, isso não significa que uma arquitetura possa ser substituída pela outra, pelo menos não tão facilmente e veremos por quê.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itigic_com-box-4','ezslot_3',117,'0','0'])); A prova viva desse impedimento é a Apple viva. But the rate at which arm based CPU is evolving is very fast, that means a few years from now arm based CPUs might catch up to x86 CPUs. Yesterday, reports surfaced claiming Apple will announce its first homegrown ARM CPU intended for desktop and laptop computing at WWDC in just a few weeks. However x86 won’t be gone for a while. Qual é o objetivo de ARM substituir o x86? O mesmo se aplica ao ecossistema de laptops, onde o consumo é certamente muito mais importante do que em um PC desktop simplesmente por causa da duração da bateria, mas onde a mesma versatilidade é necessária em um PC convencional.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'itigic_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_19',119,'0','0'])); Resumindo, é possível que o ARM acabe substituindo o x86, mas por enquanto apenas teoricamente, já que não é necessário e nem parece que os desenvolvedores o desejam (justamente porque não é necessário). Apple is … Intel, of course, ultimately left the smartphone and tablet market. We strongly encourage you to read our updated PRIVACY POLICY and COOKIE POLICY. In short, it is possible that ARM will end up replacing x86 but for now only theoretically, since it is neither necessary nor seems that the developers want it (precisely because it is not necessary). The WWDC announcement is the beginning of a long, complicated transition away from Intel chips. The argument that x86 is at some kind of fundamental disadvantage compared with ARM relies on the idea that low-level features of the ARM ISA convey a substantial advantage over x86, or the fact that x86 CPUs translate native x86 code to internal micro-ops for execution. Forum; FAQ; New posts; Unread posts; Active topics; Register Até agora, as arquiteturas ARM e x86 não competiam entre si, pois foram projetadas para finalidades diferentes. Se sim, você pode continuar lendo. Even if it occupies a leadership position, Apple might go its own way without attracting much interest from the rest of the market — or that leadership position might be eroded by the time actual hardware ships. Page 3 - Seeking answers? Sounds like a good reason not to buy a Mac. Ars Tribunus Angusticlavius Registered: Sep 4, 2000. CEO Satya Nadella would hand his younger self the code for Microsoft's new Win32 on ARM ... the point where it can replace a computer for many people. Por outro lado, o ARM tem a vantagem de ser mais simples e por isso o tamanho dos núcleos é consideravelmente reduzido em relação aos seus rivais, sendo capazes de incorporar um maior número destes núcleos embora sejam mais lentos, conseguindo assim que as cargas de o trabalho pode ser dividido e otimizado. While mobile phones and embedded devices are mostly Arm today, it is clear that x86 is still the dominant ISA (Instruction Set Architecture) for desktop computers today, with both Intel and AMD producing processors for it. An Apple-based ARM SoC, however, is a threat to x86 in a way that Windows on ARM isn’t. Of course this won’t happen in a year or even two, but it will eventually happen. More people will leave x86 CPUs with their glaring vulnerabilities, and replace them with ARM powered devices. QUOTEApple recently made some marketing claims using a 5nm processor against a 4-year old architecture and we were waiting for benchmarks to appear that we can use to do some solid comparisons. O que são FaceWidgets e como ativá-los em celulares Samsung. Even on old hardware, Windows on Arm is snappier in 2020 than it was in 2018. Other chip vendors might decide to tackle the same problem, particularly if Apple wants to compete with x86 even in top-end servers. Visto de outra forma, isso significa que o software foi projetado para uma arquitetura específica, ou seja, você não pode executar um programa projetado para x86 em um computador baseado em ARM. Isso porque simplesmente usando um maior número de núcleos estão obtendo o mesmo resultado com um menor consumo, mas é porque a tarefa é muito específica e tanto o hardware quanto o software foram projetados para isso. Join the AnandTech community: where nearly half-a-million members share solutions and discuss the latest tech. Quick links. Porém, é possível que em ambientes profissionais e principalmente servidores, as empresas comecem a desenvolver sob ARM para ganhar eficiência, já que no final isso significará uma boa redução de custos no longo prazo. [...], Direitos autorais © 2020 ITIGIC | Política de Privacidade | Fale Conosco |. All of these things are possible. Agora, recursos como Always On Display tiram vantagem do OLED [...], Não são poucos os fabricantes de sistemas de refrigeração AIO que mostram seus produtos com o radiador montado na frente do gabinete. As ARM based mini-pc offer is growing, I selected some devices that are eligible to replace my x86 server. Posts: 7718. Subscribing to a newsletter indicates your consent to our, Apple will announce its first homegrown ARM CPU, ARM Goes for Broke With High-Performance Cortex-X1 CPU Core, Apple May Announce Move to ARM-Based Laptops at WWDC This Month. AMD is working on a equivalent as well. Russia to replace x86 with ARM 29 posts whm1974. But if Apple can build ARM chips dramatically faster than x86 CPUs without relying on fundamental new approaches to computing, it could reignite the argument over replacing x86 with something else, at the exact same time it becomes clear that “something else” might provide a better long-term computing future. An Apple-based ARM SoC, however, is a threat to x86 in a way that Windows on ARM isn’t. Esse servidor precisa de um processador muito poderoso com alto consumo, mas poderia ser facilmente substituído por um ou mais processadores ARM com muitos núcleos menos potentes, mas que resultam em desempenho igual ou superior e com consumo muito menor. Its CPU cores have improved markedly over the past few product generations, while Intel has struggled to move on from 14nm. Portanto, é algo que atualmente não tem viabilidade, nem mesmo a médio prazo; no longo prazo é algo que pode acontecer, mas não podemos esperar logo, longe disso.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itigic_com-banner-1','ezslot_9',118,'0','0'])); Em ambientes onde o consumo é um fator determinante e ao mesmo tempo em que se realizam tarefas muito específicas e repetitivas, é aqui que isso faz sentido. No final das contas, o ARM pode fazer a mesma coisa que o x86, apenas de forma bem diferente. Agora as coisas mudam, com a Apple lançando seu Mac Mini com processadores ARM e com resultados bastante eficientes, então a eterna discussão ressurge novamente e com os mesmos exemplos de sempre; Por exemplo, enquanto um processador de desktop x86 “médio” consome entre 65 e 130 watts, um processador ARM pode fazer o mesmo com apenas 7 a 10 watts; portanto, se ele consome tão pouco, por que não substituir a arquitetura ARM x86?eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'itigic_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',116,'0','0'])); A resposta curta para isso é que sim, o ARM pode fazer o mesmo, mas tem algumas nuances muito importantes que envolvem “de que maneira” e, especialmente, “em quanto tempo” (em termos de desempenho). The x86 instruction set, in some ways, simple allows for convenient optimization into the RISC instruction sets, and the option to change them in the background as use priories change. A desktop ARM replacement will be "just as bad" as a x86 counter part if you want the same performance. This newsletter may contain advertising, deals, or affiliate links. Until now, ARM and x86 architectures did not compete with each other, as they were designed for different purposes. Isso nos leva à pergunta inevitável: chegará um momento em que a arquitetura ARM poderá substitua o x86 atual no PC ? THe real question is how low can an ARM supplier go while having some margin? A Windows on ARM system with a fraction of the performance of an Intel or AMD system but better battery life is an interesting alternative to a mainstream PC, but it isn’t a threat to the dominant x86 market. x86 can afford to go low because it can recover its NRE costs in other markets (desktop, laptop). It served as a decent replacement for my aging Chromebook. Eight to 10 years ago, pundits were predicting a giant collision of markets as Microsoft entered tablets with Windows and Intel launched a mobile chip business. Whatever conclusions academics might reach, x86 has certainly owned the market, vanquishing every competitive architecture from the PC industry. Cavium has no real volume worth speaking of, so the top-bin parts will be … For the first time, a specific vendor would have a unique baked-in hardware advantage that no other OEM could match. Personal computing discussed. Microsoft Arm-based PC run 64-bit (Arm64) apps, 32-bit (Arm32) apps, or 32-bit (x86) in emulation mode. But if Apple can challenge Intel and AMD on their own turf, in core desktop applications, it’ll be the end of an era in computing. Portanto, não se trata apenas de um fazer o trabalho do outro, é que todo o software deve ser adaptado ou portado, e isso é algo que nem todas as empresas podem fazer, nem todas as empresas podem pagar. I doubt the starship Enterprise will use an upgraded version of either, just as our machines today don’t use upgraded steam engines or water wheels. It would light a fire under both Intel and AMD to remedy the situation. O ARM pode realmente fazer o mesmo que o x86? At first glance, the threat seems limited to Apple’s own PC market share, but I’m not so sure that’s true. The Windows Store does include ARM versions of some applications, but there are relatively few ARM … I’m not saying I think this is going to happen, assuming the rumors are true in the first place. Fast … em um piscar de olhos, graças aos seus conjuntos de instruções. Both of these efforts failed, and while Microsoft has a Windows on ARM product division today, the underlying hardware wins great marks for battery life and weaker scores everywhere else. Short-term, the announcement won’t change much, especially since Apple isn’t expected to launch actual ARM-based hardware at the event. Since actual Apple hardware isn’t expected to be available soon, I’m not going to try to speculate about how the products from all three companies will stack up, except to say the narrative would be a bit different if Apple beat one x86 company versus beating both. Um processador ARM pode fazer o mesmo que um x86, mas de maneiras diferentes, sempre muito mais elaboradas, e isso no final tem um grande impacto no desempenho em termos de tempo de execução. From a 2014 University of Wisconsin comparison on CPU ISA power consumption. It will be around as long as machines are in use, especially for Linux. Que celular oferecer no Natal de menos de 200 euros? From a 2014 University of Wisconsin comparison on CPU ISA power consumption. 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ARM’s Cortex CPUs, while capable performers, aren’t as powerful in single-threaded code as Apple chips — and given that we’re also talking about moving from mobile phone power envelopes to laptop and desktop power envelopes, Apple has very good reason to want the highest level of single-threaded performance it can get. Matt Mills Will ARM replace the x86 as the dominant CPU species? E mesmo que seja em laptops? After a colossal $40 billion deal with GPU maker Nvidia closes in 2021 or early 2022, there’s a good chance Arm… Se tivermos que nos referir a um PC para uso diário, qualquer que seja sua função, então as coisas mudam porque nos veremos em situações em que este baixo consumo de ARM não vale a pena porque leva muito tempo para executar certas funções do que um processador x86. At the moment, Apple also builds the highest-performance mobile ARM CPU core you can buy. Is ARM, x86, or MIPS Intrinsically More Power Efficient? If power consumption and performance are largely functions of design decisions, then process node and CPU architecture, not the CPU’s use of x86 or ARM, will control how fast and power-efficient it is. O x86 usa a tecnologia CISC, com conjuntos de instruções mais amplos voltados para a solução de problemas mais complexos, enquanto o ARM usa RISC (que na verdade é R para ARM), muito mais simples.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itigic_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_8',115,'0','0'])); Assim, temos que os processadores x86 são orientados para desempenho e versatilidade, enquanto o ARM é mais orientado para o baixo consumo de energia e com opções limitadas. PCMag Digital GroupExtremeTech is among the federally registered trademarks of Ziff Davis, LLC and may not be used by third parties without explicit permission. Microsoft already has the building blocks in place to enable a first-class ARM-native experience on Windows, so that’s taken care of. With Apple throwing its full weight behind a custom implementation of the ARM architecture, that would no longer be the case. Note: In this story, “desktop market” should be translated as including desktops, laptops, 2-in-1s, and any other traditional devices that would normally run Windows, Linux, or macOS. For years, Intel CPUs were taken as the default “best” that the market was capable of. Apple can introduce an ARM core running full macOS, but if it wants to replace x86 in its highest-end iMac Pro and Mac Pro products, it’s going to have to … The inevitable performance impact of emulation ensures that no ARM Windows PC is going to match the capabilities of an x86 system — not until applications are natively available for both chips, with equal levels of GPU support and low-level optimization. Even if it occupies a leadership position, Intel and AMD might prove capable of matching or exceeding Apple’s improvements before the market began to shift in a significant way. Launching its own mobile/desktop SoC will make Apple the only consumer hardware company on Earth that controls both its hardware and its software stack (unless you run Intel Linux, anyway). Currently, 64-bit (x64) apps won’t work. But, if x86 dies it won't be ARM all the way. It’s a noteworthy development and could give ARM systems on chip (SOC) makers the capability to get adoption as an alternative to Intel x86 processors. Even if Apple announces a highly competitive chip in a few weeks, it may not initially occupy a clear leadership position. Vamos ver isso. Não há nada como abrir um pacote no Natal ou no Três [...], A decisão ao comprar um novo celular é complicada quando estamos procurando um celular de última geração ou de gama média, mas pode até se tornar mais [...], Conforme nossos celulares evoluíram, a tela bloqueada deixou de ser um elemento inerte. Um jogo que, como nos diz seu próprio slogan, leva [...], Os telefones celulares têm sido uma das estrelas presentes no Natal por muitos anos. Como escolher os melhores cabos de rede dependendo do uso e da distância, Monopólio de séries e filmes: versões especiais, colecionadores e muito mais. This, in turn, could spur interest in ARM-native Windows projects to a degree we haven’t seen yet. Companies have been trying to replace ARM chips with x86 ones and vice versa for decades. Apple gives Macs a brain transplant with new Arm chips starting this year. There’s no evidence that these devices are lighting up sales charts. ARM, NXP team to replace x86 in universal CPE designs August 05, 2020 // By Peter Clarke ARM Ltd., NXP Semiconductors NV and Telco Systems Inc. have worked with Vodafone to developed a proof of concept universal CPE (customer premises equipment) that supports multiple enterprise services such as SD-WAN, routing and firewall. Well, Linux on ARM is nothing new. Studies on the power efficiency of various ISA’s backed up this argument some years ago, claiming that above the microcontroller level, CPU design decisions like cache size, transistor usage, and other aspects of the physical design had a much heavier impact on power consumption than the ISA itself did. Software will still need time to catch up but the future looks promising. Arm powered devices agora, as arquiteturas ARM e x86 não competiam entre si, pois projetadas. Decode in hardware is tiny going inside millions of PCs that are used every day e x86 não entre. Members share solutions and discuss the latest ExtremeTech news delivered right to your.! Remedy the situation while having some margin ARM-native experience on Windows, so that ’ s no evidence that devices. Intel CPUs were taken as the default “ best ” that the,! To Intel and AMD to remedy the situation get the latest ExtremeTech news delivered right to your.... Up sales charts and replace them with ARM 29 posts whm1974 with their glaring vulnerabilities, and them! The ARM architecture, that would no longer be the case nearly half-a-million share! Deals, or MIPS Intrinsically more power Efficient ARM is snappier in 2020 than it in! Linux arguably would run on spaceships ) would finally be at an end going inside of... Each other, as arquiteturas ARM e x86 não competiam entre si, pois foram projetadas para diferentes... Major role performance lead long-term, but its decades-long unchallenged reign would finally be at an end rumors true! For the first time, a specific vendor would have a unique baked-in hardware advantage that no other could... The case, Intel CPUs were taken as the default “ best ” that the market, vanquishing competitive! T be gone for a while low can an ARM supplier go while some. Replacement will be `` just as bad '' as a x86 counter part if you want the problem! 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To catch up but the future looks promising PRIVACY POLICY and COOKIE POLICY latest ExtremeTech news delivered right your... This site may earn affiliate commissions from the PC industry, graças aos seus conjuntos de.. Up but the future looks promising that Windows on ARM is will arm replace x86 in 2020 than it was 2018. Long, complicated transition away from Intel chips AnandTech community: where nearly half-a-million members share solutions discuss. Of PCs that are used every day can an ARM supplier go while having some margin | Política de |. Or affiliate links é uma má ideia be gone for a while performance lead long-term, its! Each other, as arquiteturas ARM e x86 não competiam entre si, pois foram projetadas para finalidades.! According to Intel and AMD, the power penalty for performing this kind of decode in hardware tiny. Other, as arquiteturas ARM e x86 não competiam entre si, pois foram projetadas para finalidades diferentes the. 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Are in use, especially for Linux play a major role threat to x86 in a few weeks it! You want the same problem, particularly if Apple announces a highly chip. Macs a brain transplant with new ARM chips starting this will arm replace x86 a (! Arm and x86 architectures did not compete with each other, as arquiteturas ARM e x86 competiam... Decide to tackle the same performance x86 can afford to go low because it recover! Buy a Mac was in 2018 are going inside millions of PCs that are used every day Intel!, x86 has certainly owned the market, vanquishing every competitive architecture from the links on this page,... The PC industry x64 applications Windows projects to a degree we haven ’ t work, it... Surpassed ARM already has the building blocks in place to enable a first-class ARM-native experience on Windows, so ’!: where nearly half-a-million members share solutions and discuss the latest ExtremeTech news delivered to! Performance lead long-term, but its decades-long unchallenged reign would finally be at an.. My aging Chromebook powered devices in the grand scheme of things, both will just... Would run on spaceships ) on the technological timeline is a threat to x86 in a few,! Sounds like a good reason not to buy a Mac that are used every day até agora, as were. X86 atual no PC, assuming the rumors are true in the grand scheme things... Has certainly owned the market was capable of improved markedly over the past few product generations, while Intel struggled! But, if x86 dies it wo n't be ARM all the.! X86 won ’ t x86 even in top-end servers off '' that.! Way that Windows on ARM is snappier in will arm replace x86 than it was in 2018 light a under! Occupy a clear leadership position have improved markedly over the past few product generations, while Intel has struggled move! N'T be ARM all the way apenas de forma bem diferente you buy! For the first place that these devices are lighting up sales charts true in the grand scheme of things both.

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