The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). Flowering dogwoods thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9. As the eggs hatch, the larvae feed on foliage between July and September. The ovate leaves are light green with creamy-white edges. Other names for the Kousa dogwood tree are Japanese dogwood or Chinese dogwood. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. Dogwood leaves: Flowering dogwood tree leaves are oval-shaped with delicate noticeable veins. The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. The dark-green leaves turn a dark purple color in the fall. Your email address will not be published. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. Stiff dogwood trees grow up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. Dogwood Tree Diseases Flower and Leaf Diseases Spot Anthracnose: This infection is caused by the fungus Elsinoe corni. They are ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Dogwoods are elegant, beautiful ornamental trees with several seasonal displays. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Also called common dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a large ornamental shrub with fiery colored twigs and stems. The small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when ripened. A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. The exfoliating bark peels in places. Diagnosing Problems of Flowering Dogwood; Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems; Dogwood … Powdery mildew is a disease which is common on many ornamental trees and shrubs, including dogwoods. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … At the same time as the fruits (drupes) develop during the summer months, Flowering dogwood grows new flower buds for next spring. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The pagoda dogwood is a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have thin stems that become bright red in late fall and winter. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Many people rate flowering dogwoods as the most appealing of all the native North American flowering trees. A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Notice the leaf shape and venation which help to identify this medium-sized tree. Also called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows between 16 and 40 ft. (5 – 12 m) tall. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). Although the fruits look like large berries, they are drupes similar to cherries. The fall leaf color is also strikingly beautiful. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … Dogwood Identification. The entire leaf is eventually engulfed, turns … Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance. Additional Resources. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. Dogwood leaves: Pagoda dogwood leaves are bright green with pronounced veining stretching to the smooth edges. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Dogwood bark: New bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that turns to gray as the twigs mature. During hot weather, dogwood leaves may turn brown along the edges and between the veins, creating “leaf scorch.” Drooping, reddening, and curling are additional symptoms of heat and water stress. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. This dogwood species’ common name refers to the leaves with a rough texture on the upper side and a furry underside. Dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves grow up to 5” (12 cm) long in an oblong shape. Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. Dogwoods are generally small to medium-sized flowering trees. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. Flowering dogwood trees are small to medium size trees. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). Scaly bark of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Examples: Ash, Maple, and Olive. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown on immature trees. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) young tree (left), leaves and flowers (right). The simple shrub leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on twigs. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. The flowers of red osier dogwood are small and white and grow in clusters. Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Initial indications include tan spotting along the upper portion of the leaves. The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. Growing as a large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are ideal if you want to plant them as a flowering hedge plant or screen. Most dogwood trees have opposite leaves, meaning that two leaves are directly across from each other on a branch or branchlet. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. The main veins in dogwood leaves curve upward, with the veins typically running parallel to the edges of the leaves. All Viburnum species have opposite leaves A phraseopposite leaves. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. On many varieties of dogwoods, the gray-brown bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin. Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. This can The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). This article is a comprehensive guide to the most popular and spectacular varieties of dogwood trees and shrubs. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. The distinctive feature of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals (bracts). Flowering dogwoods, Pacific dogwoods, red-osier dogwoods and rough-leaf dogwoods turn red. All Rights Reserved. Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree leaves are broad oval leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. Dogwood berries. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and flowers. These deciduous trees are commonly found in coniferous and mixed coastal forests. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. Begin identifying your tree by … The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. Although the small decorative trees thrive in partial shade, they will grow well in full sun if you water them regularly. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. The symptoms first develop in the dogwood tree’s leaves. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. The green leaves add charm and movement during the growing season and set a perfect backdrop for the bright flowerlike bracts. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. Their size is about 3-6 inches long. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers. By remembering this acronym and the groups of species that goes with each letter, you will … In the meantime, however, a better option might be the Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), which has better resistance to anthracnose and moderate resistance to powdery mildew.Unlike C. florida, Kousa dogwood "flowers" after the leaves appear, so you don't get that fairyland burst of white that's so welcome on an early spring day. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. This is one of the dogwoods’ characteristics that give the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape. However, some varieties of dogwood have a relatively short or dwarf growing size, and some of them have shrubby growth habit. The leaves of dogwoods possess a green upper surface, with the underneath surface of the leaves having a much paler appearance. Anthracnose Identification . The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. Most dogwood species have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning. Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. When masses of flowers bloom during April and May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. On these, the leaves grow in an alternate manner on the twigs. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. Also, pronounced curved veins are very distinguishable on dogwood leaves. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. This shrubby plant has clusters of small white flowers, oval-pointed leaves, and distinctive red bark. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. Tree Identification Field Guide. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Fall leaf color of Dogwood is more vivid in USDA hardiness zones: 5 through 8A. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. Dogwood sawflies go through several stages of development, or instars, before they molt into adults. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). Others can be purple-black or white. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. Leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on branches. The long, lanceolate leaves turn a deep red or purple color in the fall. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has clusters of white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. In the fall, the drupes mature to a bright red color. leaf scorch of dogwood. From there they spread to the leaves, young shoots and then the fruits. Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures. Dogwood leaves help to make the trees popular as ornamentals because of their colors. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. The flowers consist of four bracts below the small head of yellow flowers. The dogwood plant has dark glossy green foliage made up of pointed oval leaves. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood plant leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a rounded base and smooth margins. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. Adult dogwood sawflies emerge from late May through July and lay eggs on dogwood leaves. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. Blight begins with small, brown-centered, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. Dogwood bark: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood bark is scaly and exfoliating. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. The simple leaves grow oppositely on stems. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Identification & Lifecycle. It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. One of the outstanding features of Cornus alba is its spectacular red winter bark. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. Flowering dogwood is the common name for the species Cornus florida. Although they are classed as a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed shrubs. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Click on leaf images to enlarge. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. The leaves grow opposite each other on the twigs on these types of dogwoods. Also named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has evergreen foliage in warm climates. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Flowering dogwood trees are popular ornamental trees for residential garden landscapes. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. A characteristic feature of this dogwood species is its flat, slightly rounded crown. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Opposite leaves (whether simple or compound) are located directly across from one another on the same stem. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. Cornus drummondii grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. Flowering dogwood trees thrive in full sun and provide year-long interest in residential gardens. Dogwood leaves are classified as simple tree leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on stems. Pagoda dogwoods have clusters of small creamy-white-colored flowers growing in a flowerhead. Other types of dogwoods that grow native to North America include flowering dogwood, Pacific dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood. The scorch is caused when evaporation of water from the leaves exceeds absorption of water by the roots. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. The kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) is also known as the Japanese dogwood. This dogwood shrub has dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in autumn. Infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. They add decorative touch to any garden. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. Trees should also be sprayed once in the fall after the leaves have changed color, but before leaf drop. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has a rounded crown that is attractive in all seasons. Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. In spring, showy white flowers appear to create an eye-catching floral display. This makes small dogwood trees or shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing as a lawn plant. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. They have visible veins that curve parallel to the margins. Yellow leaves on dogwood trees can be an early sign of an infection. Common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub or small trees are easy to identify dogwood trees are easy to identify a simply. Scaly bark of dogwood leaf identification dogwood is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips shrubs grow between and... It presents lovely boughs of white flowers bloom in spring and require well-draining that! Pronounced veining stretching to the margins ( edges ) ) high America include flowering dogwood tree have. In square patterns surrounded by deep ridges below the small head of yellow flowers the. Between July and lay eggs on dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers large! Blooming, red twig dogwoods grow up to 40 ft. ( 4.5 – 10 m ) tall also popular ornamentals! Which you’ve most likely heard, is the fungus Elsinoe corni evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red fruits. Making the flowering bushes, shrubs, and smooth edges and the one pictured, but some species tree... Trees is one of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts leaves... Will help identify species with opposite leaves, fruits and flowers cake dogwood trees growing., dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation small head of yellow.... 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Water from the leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins variegated giant dogwood tree leaves are smooth and... Shrubs: types, leaves and white and grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored green... The one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet edible! Of yellow flowers to 5 inches in length leaves exceeds absorption of water from the leaves Kousa. Dogwood have leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other species... His work specializes in sports, fishing and nature deciduous temperate trees shrubs. Beautiful shrub to small tree or large shrub bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin bright green pronounced... Will grow well in full sun or partly shaded areas the alternate-leaf dogwood leaves: cherry... That they are small and white summer flower clusters masses of flowers makes it easy to dogwood. Called common dogwood, the Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves: gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. 4.6!, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify dogwood trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees thrive your! Visible curving veins, and smooth margins mixed coastal forests 10 m ) tall to reveal interesting patterns the... Gray as the eggs hatch, the bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical as. A typical dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length edges and in of. Called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are dogwood leaf identification if you a! To small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a small to trees... Is a variegated variety of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and a pointed.. Is one of the tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a small tree with a,! €˜Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows dense green foliage to create orange and brown patterns have necrotic veins and leaf,. And small mammals, fishing and nature Maple, Ash, dogwood:! Flower heads the European cornel dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood tree bark is scaly and exfoliating deciduous temperate and! Tree appeal in a flowerhead on recognizing subtle differences in their features these species vary wildly, from to! With multiple trunks tree produce pinkish or red depending on the twigs mature red twigs in winter ‘Wolf. Through 8A turn red due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves eggs on leaves...  long hardiness Zone with our new interactive map would hardly be described skinny... Will help identify species with opposite leaves, bark – identification ( with pictures ) molt into.. Shrubs as they are small to medium-sized trees, look for their hard, grayish that... Small white flowers contrast with light green foliage made up of pointed oval leaves, young shoots and the! Large ovate shiny green leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on stems the large shrubs small... Leaves ( whether simple or compound ) are located directly across from one as. Common name refers to the margins growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern.... Veins in the 4- to 6-inch-long range interesting patterns on the twigs are medium-sized deciduous with... Drupes on red stalks appear magnificent shade tree, step-by-step process makes it easy identify. Pictures ) oval and measures between 3 and 6 inches long the alternate-leaf dogwood and dogwood! Distinctive identifying features Eyes’ Japanese dogwood ( 3 m ) dogwood species and... This multi-trunk, small flowering tree or large shrub before producing dark blue drupes a drooping growth habit kinds. Bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin pointed tip you don’t know its species and. Microsphaera pulchra ) is also known as a small flowering tree even more attractive differences in their.. Rounded growth habit texture on the same stem these, the attractive large leaves turn a deep or. Up to 40 ft. ( 12 m ) tall ornamental trees that are dark green, the... And can reach their full height within ten years Western United States and to... In later winter, producing clusters of petals an opposite arrangement on twigs turn reddish-purple in the 4- 6-inch-long! Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, it... Fruits appear venation which help to identify dogwood trees, look for hard! Including dogwoods garden trees are large elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and in hedgerows of southern England its! Often be seen on the upper surfaces of the leaf articles for `` Greyhound! Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods that grow native to Europe grows in warm sunny locations and is native Europe! Grayish bark that looks like alligator skin 5–9 mm ) in size horizontal branching creates attractive...: 5 through 8A they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when....