Soft maple will turn a translucent blue-black color. Common Name(s): Soft maple Botanical Designation: Not a distinct species of maple. They both have their place in today’s forest products industry. Hard Maple vs. Soft Maple. White oak is considered highly durable, resistant to the elements and suitable for exterior use, but it is expensive, and harder to work with. Silver maple is soft compared to sugar (hard) maple, but that isn’t saying much. The bark on a hard maple is lighter colored, plus it's tight and doesn't flake off easily, whereas on a soft maple it has long scales which easily come off. The term refers to the quality of a maple tree's wood. It's categorized as a 'soft' Maple with a Janka rage around 830 - 870. A few of the most common of the “soft maple… Generally, the sapwood is greyish-white, sometimes with darker-colored pith flecks. . An example of Hard Maple, would be Sugar Maple. This video is all about the different looks of Maple. Soft Maple is used to describe four other types of maple trees: Silver maple (Acer saccharinum), Red maple (Acer rebrum), Boxelder (Acer negundo) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). Observe the color. Can you tell the difference in a standing tree with no leaves? Traditionally Hard Maple and Soft Maple have both been commonly used in the manufacture of furniture, cabinets, instruments and various specialty items. Hard Maple is also used for gunstocks, tool handles, plywood dies, cutting blocks, woodenware, novelty products, sporting goods, bowling pins, and musical instruments. Tony Cimorelli Baillie LumberThis email address is being protected from spambots. You finger nail will also go into soft maple. The second is and Soft Maple, which is derived from several different types of maple trees such as Red Maple (Acer rebrum) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). Typically sold as white maple due to its broadly defined uniform light color. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; Maple trees are one of the most common species found in the hardwood forests of North America. Fruit: All Maple trees produce fruits, which are actually seed pods called “samara”.The seed pods contain one or two seeds and are usually about 1 to 2 inches long. How to install metal slides on wood cabinets. The maple tree is a member of a group of 200 species of trees and shrubs worldwide that belong to the Acer family. Soft maple weighs less by volume as hard maple, but dries faster and splits easier. o you tell the two apart? Color and grain similarities make hard maples—sometimes called sugar, rock, sweet, or black maple—tough to distinguish from soft maples, which include red, silver, or swamp maple. Red oak and soft maple are also susceptible to decay. Retail prices for 4/4 Select & Better soft maple, surfaced on two sides, ranges from $3.25 to $3.90/bf. All that said, remember that these tables represent _average_ characteristics and it is possible to get hard maple that actually has characteristics in the soft range and vis-versa. Although there are many different species of maple, the sugar maple (sometimes referred to as the hard maple… PC Maple is another name for Big Leaf Maple, aka Bigleaf Maple. "Soft maple" isn't a maple species. The most common hard maple is the sugar or rock maple. Soft maple varieties are more comparable to birch in hardness and application than hard maple. Soft maple is very similar to hard maple in most respects. Re: How do I distinguish soft maple vs hard maple Hard Maple has nice distinct medullary rays where soft maple does not. But typically hard maple is from a Sugar Maple tree, and all the others are soft maple. Color and grain similarities make hard maples—sometimes called sugar, rock, sweet, or black maple—tough to distinguish from soft maples, which include red, silver, or swamp maple. Maple is the queen of the hardwoods for density. These are commonly referred to as things such as birdseye, curly, tiger striped, and even wormy. Colour is also a good indicator soft has a green-grey and some times redish colour and more suseptable to discolouration. For many applications, soft maple’s hardness is sufficient, and its reduced density generally means it’s easier to … Hard Maple tends to have a lighter, more uniformed color. Soft Maples on the other hand are comprised of a few varietires of Maple Species such as Big Leaf Maple (Acer Macrophyllum) and … The drawers are around 22″side to side 8″ high and 18″ deep. The soft maple often comes in about 50-75% white … Soft Maples on the other hand are comprised of a few varietires of Maple Species such as Big Leaf Maple (Acer Macrophyllum) and Red Maple (Acer Rebrum). While certainly not a soft wood, it's definitely softer than those categorized as 'Hard Maple… You need JavaScript enabled to view it. It has machining, turning and bending properties and nails, screws and glues well. However, many foresters/loggers/lumber mills use the term 'soft maple' applied to eastern red maple (Acre Rubrum) and red maple is anything but soft; the term 'soft maple' is applied to it here in the east only as relative to sugar maple. We find that both species can produce a wide variety of grain effects. Hard Maple turns well on a lathe and is resistant to abrasion. These are commonly referred to as things such as birdseye, curly, tiger striped, and even wormy. Maple. Best for: Millwork, kitchen cabinets, furniture, pallets, crates, basket veneer. The most common hard maple is the sugar or rock maple. Red Maple is sometimes referred to as Soft Maple Lumber, because it is softer than Hard Maple. To bring out the pattern in bird’s-eye or curly maple while giving it a light amber color, apply boiled linseed oil and allow it to dry for a week before applying a clear film finish. So how do you tell the two apart? Compared to sugar (hard) maple, cherry and walnut are softwoods too. You finger nail will also go into soft maple. I myself have carved a hard maple … With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we've expanded the list to 224 different species. Maples labeled "soft" are the fast-growing species that seem to shoot up overnight, including garden-friendly landscape trees such as bigleaf ( Acer macrophyllum) in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9, red maple … I do like the color and figure that I can get locally in soft maple and have used it for legs on benches, but where strength is necessary, I stick with hard maple. Pacific Coast Maple has medium density (slightly harder than Eastern Soft Maple) and possesses medium-bending strength, shock resistance, and stiffness. Plus, it grows twice as fast which means that a soft maple tree can be planted and harvested in half the time it takes to grow and harvest a hard maple … Colour is also a good indicator soft has a green-grey and some times redish colour and more suseptable to discolouration. Maple is a very hard … Maple is a super versatile wood both in it's usefulness and in it's appearance. Understanding the Hard/Soft Maple Distinction. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. "Soft maple" is the common term for four species of maple trees: Special grain effects like this are usually highly sought after by designers who are looking for a. unique look but not by flooring or cabinet manufacturers who much rather use a maple for its consistent color and uniformed grain pattern. Is this list complete? Maple Flooring Manufacturers Association Toll Free: 888/480-9138 E-mail: mfma@maplefloor.org www.maplefloor.org Hard Maple vs. Soft Maple "Hard maple" is the common term for two species of maple trees: Sugar Maple … All that said, remember that these tables represent _average_ characteristics and it is possible to get hard maple that actually has characteristics in the soft range and vis-versa. Hard maple is commonly used in the manufacture of flooring, furniture, cabinets, billiard cues and other finished wood products. This kind of maple, as the name suggest, is not as hard or as strong, so it is not used for flooring, but is ideal for wood-worked décor items, furniture veneers, crates and pallets. the term "soft maple" always confuses me when I hear it as I/we consider all maple a hard wood around here and I never see a reference to it on any btu charts, so my question is what exactally is soft maple? "HARD" MAPLE VS. "SOFT" MAPLE "Hard maple" is the common term for two species of maple trees: Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) and Black Maple (Acer nigrum). Soft maple is about 25 percent less hard than hard maple, has medium-bending and crushing strength, and is low in stiffness and shock resistance. It is commonly used for both treads and … Soft Maple. A few of the most common of the “soft maple” species are: The only part of these custom cabinets that are maple are the doors, and the doors are soft maple at that. Both Hard Maple and Soft Maple are terrific species to work with. It's categorized as a 'soft' Maple with a Janka rage around 830 - 870. I guess this explains why my display cabinet for my wife did not work out as well as I had hoped -- I used 3 1/2 nails for the joinery and had some splitting. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Unlike stain pigments, dye will fade with age, however, so apply a darker surface than you want for the long term. How can I keep my router bushing assembly in place? The two most popular are mahogany or maple. All species’ of Maple fall in into two broad categories: Hard Maple and Soft Maple. Unlike hard maple, which refers to one particular species (Acer saccharum), soft maple refers to several different species of maple. Soft maple is slightly less dense and not as strong. Taking the hardness data into consideration with other hardwoods, Brown Maple is slightly easier than Maple to work with when being shaped. We are having a very hard … Used for both bodies and necks, maple is a dense, hard, and heavy wood, sourced mostly in the Northeast and Northwest United States and Canada. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w-----How to Tell the Difference Between Hard Maple & Soft Maple Trees. Soft maple will turn a translucent blue-black color. A common measurement used to determine relative wood hardness is the Janka Hardness Test. Whether you have hard or soft maple, the “best finish” is just the one that suits your project and personal preferences. is a great resource on lumber if you are interested in more information. The soft variety is still very hard when compared to a real soft wood, but it is hard maple that is the preferred wood species when it comes to constructing stairs. The first is Hard Maple, (Acer saccharum), which many also refer to as Sugar Maple. Maple. Maple is often used as an ingredient in a multi … It ranks 8 on the scale, but it can also vary depending on where it grows. If you want darker colors, though, use a dye instead of a pigmented stain. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Hardness ratings help you choose the right species. A good builder will respond to the individual characteristics of each blank, adjusting thickness accordingly. 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